The Legend of Guru Tegh Bahadur

  • On April 11, the Parkash Purab (birth anniversary) of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth guru of the Sikhs, was observed.
  • Guru Tegh Bahadur was born in Amritsar, Punjab, on April 1, 1621.
  • He was the Sikhs’ ninth Guru and the son of Guru Hargobind, the Sikhs’ sixth Guru, and Mata Nanaki.
  • Tyag Mal, which means “master of renunciation,” was his natal name.
  • He spent his childhood in Amritsar, where he was educated in religious subjects, martial skills, and horseback riding.
  • He was also taught music and poetry, and he became a good poet and musician as a result.

His views and teachings

  • The teachings of Guru Tegh Bahadur emphasised the necessity of meditation, self-discipline, and living a good and ethical life.
  • He was a firm believer in the concept of one God and the unification of all religions.
  • From 1665 until 1675, he served as Guru. The Guru Granth Sahib contains a total of 155 of his hymns.
  • He emphasised the necessity of helping others and treating everyone with decency and respect, regardless of religion or social standing.
  • He also believed in unselfish service and pushed his followers to assist those in need.

Importance in Indian History

  • Guru Tegh Bahadur was a pivotal figure in Sikh history, defending Hindu religious freedom against the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
  • Aurangzeb was well-known for his intolerance of non-Muslims, and he levied a fee on Hindu pilgrims visiting Varanasi.
  • When a group of Kashmiri Pandits sought Guru Tegh Bahadur for assistance, he vowed to fight for their freedom to freely practise their religion.
  • Despite torture and persecution, he refused to convert to Islam and was eventually executed by Aurangzeb in 1675.
  • His martyrdom is remembered as a key event in Indian history, and Sikhs all over the world see him as a hero and martyr.

His legacies

  • His legacy inspires Sikhs and people of all faiths and backgrounds.
  • His teachings and ideas continue to be an important element of Sikhism today, and are represented in the Sikh scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib.
  • He is regarded as a saint, scholar, and warrior who gave his life to preserve others’ rights.
  • Many Gurudwaras (Sikh temples) are dedicated to him all throughout the world, including the Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Delhi, where he was slain.
  • Every year on December 19, Guru Tegh Bahadur’s Martyrdom Day is marked to remember his martyrdom.
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