Environment & Biodiversity

Volcanic Eruption in Iceland

  • A volcanic eruption occurred near Iceland’s capital, between Slingarfell and Hagafell on the Reykjanes Peninsula, near the town of Grindavik.

Iceland, the ‘Land of Fire and Ice’

  • Geographical Location: Iceland is located in the North Atlantic Ocean, just south of the Arctic Circle.
  • Tectonic Setting: The country is located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which separates the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates.
  • Iceland’s terrain is unique, with geysers, glaciers, mountains, volcanoes, and lava fields, as well as 33 active volcanoes, the most in Europe.
  • Historical Settlement: The first human settlement on Iceland was made in 874 by Norsemen from Scandinavia, which resulted in the establishment of Reykjavik.

Recent Volcanic Activity on the Reykjanes Peninsula 

  • Historical Dormancy: The Reykjanes Peninsula had been dormant for 800 years, until lately.
  • Recent Eruptions: The latest eruption is the peninsula’s fourth in less than three years, indicating a possible new period of volcanic activity.
  • Eyjafjallajokull Eruption: The 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajokull was the most recent big volcanic event in Iceland to garner international attention.
  • Timeline and Impact of Eruption: The volcano erupted twice in March and April 2010, causing an ash cloud to stretch across continents and delaying air traffic on the North Atlantic route for six days — the largest disruption since World War II.
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