Governance Polity

The EC maintains the Assam Delimitation

  • The process of redrawing electoral boundaries to reflect population changes, known as draught delimitation, is critical for ensuring fair representation and balanced distribution of constituencies.
  • The recent delimitation procedure in Assam has drawn attention because to its impact on political dynamics.

Assam Delimitation

  • The last delimitation in Assam was in 1976, based on 1971 census data, by the Delimitation Commission. Population shifts need boundary adjustments throughout time.
  • Equitable Representation: Delimitation seeks to guarantee that constituency populations are approximately equal, ensuring fair representation.
  • Delimitation orders have the force of law and are not subject to judicial review.

Delimitation Process

  • Delimitation Commission: An impartial Delimitation Commission, comprised of retired Supreme Court justices, the Chief Election Commissioner, and State Election Commissioners, is created.
  • Objectives: The Commission establishes the boundaries and number of constituencies, with the goal of achieving uniform population distribution.
  • Reserved Seats: Based on population concentrations, the Commission identifies seats reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

Delimitation Implementation

  • Draught Proposals: To solicit public opinion, the Commission publishes draught proposals in official gazettes and media.
  • Public Hearings: These are done to obtain opinions and objections.
  • Final Order: Following consideration of objections and suggestions, the Commission publishes a final order, which is published in official gazettes and takes effect as stipulated.

Delimitation Periodicity

  • Early Delimitation: The first delimitation was temporary, carried out by the President following India’s first general elections in 1950-51.
  • Following the disappointment with the first exercise, subsequent delimitation was obliged to be carried out by independent commissioners.
  • Delimitation happened in 1952, 1963, 1973, and 2002, all under Acts of the respective years.

Justification and postponement

  • Delimitation was postponed following the 1981 and 1991 Censuses.
  • Uniform Growth Rate: Following the 2001 Census, an amendment postponed delimitation until 2026, citing the need to achieve uniform population growth across India.
  • The most recent Assam delimitation (2002-2008) modified boundaries based on 2001 Census data and reserved seat allocations.
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