Science & Tech

The Agni Prime Missile has been successfully tested

  • The new-generation Agni-Prime ballistic missile, with a strike range of 1,000 to 2,000 km, was successfully tested by India.
  • Concerning Agni Prime Missile Stages: Agni-P is a surface-to-surface, road-mobile, solid-fueled missile with two stages.
  • Agni-P is launched using a canister, which provides operational flexibility and ease of movement.
  • Agni-P features enhanced propulsion systems, composite rocket motor casings, and advanced navigation and guidance systems.

History and Evolution

  • Timeline of Development: Since 2016, DRDO has started developing Agni-P as a successor to improve accuracy and dependability.
  • Strategy for the Indo-Pacific Region: Agni-P is a component of India’s strategy to fight China’s naval capabilities and achieve parity in anti-access/area denial capabilities.
  • International Implications: The development of Agni-P positions India in the regional power dynamics and may have an impact on arms control treaties.

Capabilities for Missiles

  • Agni-P has a manoeuvrable reentry vehicle (MaRV) enabling precision delivery of warheads to different targets.
  • Transportability: Because the missile is stored in a hermetically sealed tandem twin canister launcher, it can be transported quickly by road and rail.
  • Weight reduction: In both stages of Agni-P, composite materials are used to reduce weight and improve performance.

Importance in Strategic Terms

  • Given its limited range, Agni-P attempts to dissuade opposing forces in its immediate vicinity.
  • Enhanced Deterrence: The missile contributes to national security by strengthening India’s deterrence capabilities.
  • Regional Power Dynamics: The development of Agni-P is part of India’s Indo-Pacific strategy, which has an impact on regional power dynamics.
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