Science & Tech

Summit of the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI)

  • On December 12, Prime Minister Narendra Modi opened the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI) Summit in New Delhi.
  • India, along with 28 other member nations, is attempting to reach an agreement on a declaration document concentrating on the correct use of AI, the establishment of safeguards for the technology, and its democratisation.

GPAI and India 

  • Founding Member: India became a founding member of GPAI in June 2020, with the goal of bridging the gap between AI theory and practice.
  • International Collaboration: The project promotes collaboration among scientists, professionals in the industry, civic society, governments, international organisations, and academia.
  • Previous GPAI summits have taken place in Montreal, Paris, and Tokyo.
  • India’s Position: India’s IT Minister emphasised the country’s focus on sustainable agriculture and collaborative AI, which builds on the Digital Public Infrastructure (DPI) concept utilised in the Aadhaar and UPI systems.

The Proposed Declaration’s Content

  • Themes and Concentration: The proclamation is intended to address the application of AI in sustainable agriculture, healthcare, climate action, and the development of resilient society.
  • Regulatory Aspects: It will be consistent with previous agreements and global AI regulatory principles.
  • India’s contribution focuses on assessing AI in sustainable agriculture and encouraging collaborative AI.

Global AI Regulation Dialogue

  • The European Union approved the AI Act, which established protections and guidelines for AI usage, particularly in law enforcement, as well as channels for reporting abuses. It severely limits facial recognition and AI’s ability to affect human behaviour.
  • AI Safety Summit in the United Kingdom: Major nations agreed on a statement calling for global action to address AI issues, including the perils of misapplication, cybersecurity threats, biotechnology, and misinformation.
  • The Biden Administration issued an executive order to protect against AI risks and to supervise safety criteria for generative AI bots such as ChatGPT and Google Bard.
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