Environment & Biodiversity

Pulicat Wetland

  • The settlement of claims for local communities inside the Pulicat Wetland and Bird Sanctuary limit raises concerns.
  • The state administration intends to denotify a major chunk of the sanctuary and Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ) for industrial park construction.

About Pulicat Wetland and Bird Sanctuary.

  • Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary is India’s second largest bird sanctuary.
  • It divides Andhra Pradesh’s Nellore district and Tamil Nadu’s Thiruvallur district.
  • The sanctuary is located along the coast of the Bay of Bengal and covers 759 square km. 
  • The sanctuary is bordered by the Arani River at its southern tip, the Kalangi River from the Northwest, and the Swarnamukhi River at the northern end.
  • Pulicat Lake lies adjacent to the Bay of Bengal and features a sandbar, making it a unique lagoon.
  • Sriharikota, known as India’s rocket launch pad and home to the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, divides the lake from the Bay of Bengal.
  • The sanctuary has 16 island communities and 30 villages.
  • bordering the lake, whose residents rely on the lake for a living.
  • During the winter, the Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary attracts a huge number of migrating birds including as gulls, terns, plovers, shanks, curlews, and storks.
  • Flamingos, pelicans, storks, herons, and ducks all call this place home. 

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