Environment & Biodiversity

Possible Increase in Hangul Population in Kashmir

  • Kashmir’s Hangul, a shy and endangered species of deer, has had a successful breeding season, indicating a bright future for its population in Dachigam National Park.
  • This spring, the Hangul population could top 300 for the first time in more than 30 years. 

About Hangul (Kashmir Stag)

Scientific NameCervus hanglu
HabitatJammu and Kashmir and northern Himachal Pradesh have dense riverine forests in their high valleys and mountains.
Geographic RangeEndemic to Kashmir and surrounding areas
DistributionLocated primarily in Dachigam National Park, with a small population in Overa-Aru Wildlife Sanctuary. 
Conservation StatusIUCN: Critically Endangered.Appendix I of CITES, and Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, provide the greatest level of protection. 

Threats To Hanguls

  • Predator Concerns: Hangul is under threat from predators like as leopards and Asiatic Black Bears, demanding additional research and surveillance.
  • Environmental Concerns: Drying drainages and snowless glacier areas in Dachigam pose questions about habitat viability, highlighting the influence of climate change. 

About Dachigam National Park

  • Dachigam National Park has diverse flora and wildlife, including deep valleys, rocky outcrops, wooded slopes, and alpine pastures.
  • The park is separated into upper and lower parts, with heights ranging from 1600 m to 4200 m above sea level. Each zone has its own environment.
  • The park is home to a wide variety of plant species, including wild cherry, pear, plum, walnut, oak, pine, and elm, sustaining a biodiverse habitat.
  • Apart from hangul, the park is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including musk deer, brown bears, leopards, Himalayan black bears, jungle cats, and wild goat species such as markhor and ibex.

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