NCRB 2022 Crime Report

The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has issued its yearly crime report for the year 2022.

  • The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has issued its yearly crime report for the year 2022.

The History of NCRB Reports

  • The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) was created under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs in January 1986.
  • The major function of the NCRB is to produce and manage national crime statistics, serving as a central repository for criminal data.
  • The scope of the reports includes a wide range of illegal actions, such as crimes against women, cybercrimes, commercial offences, and others.

Process of Data Compilation

  • Sources: According to the 2011 Census, data is gathered from police forces in 36 states and union territories, as well as 53 cities with populations more than 10 lakh.
  • Validation: Data collected at local police stations is validated at the district and state levels before being finalised by the NCRB.

Highlights from the NCRB Report for 2022 Overall Crimes: 

  • The study identified 58,24,946 cognizable offences, including 35,61,379 IPC offences and 22,63,567 Special and Local Laws (SLL) offences.
  • Crime Rate: A decrease in crime rate per lakh people from 445.9 in 2021 to 422.2 in 2022.
  • Crimes Against Women: There were 4,45,256 instances, a 4% rise from the previous year.
  • Cybercrime: A huge 24.4% rise from 2021, totaling 65,893 instances.
  • Suicides: Suicides will grow by 4.2% in 2022, totaling 1,70,924 incidents.

Data and Interpretation by State

  • Chargesheeting Rate: Kerala (96.0%), Puducherry (91.3%), and West Bengal (90.6%) have the highest rates.
  • Interpretation: High chargesheet rates may represent more efficient law enforcement rather than increased crime rates.

NCRB Data Principal Offence regulation Challenges and Limitations: 

  • This regulation may result in underreporting of some types of crimes.
  • Data correctness: Inefficiencies or gaps at the local level might have an impact on the overall correctness of the report.
  • Socioeconomic Factors: The study does not address the underlying socioeconomic causes of crime.
  • Underreporting Issues: Underreporting of crimes may occur due to fear of a police reaction or societal censure.


  • Understanding the NCRB report necessitates an understanding of its scope, methodology, and limits.
  • While it gives important insights into Indian crime patterns, evaluating the data with an awareness of these elements is critical for a thorough knowledge of the country’s crime dynamics.
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