Science & Tech

Nano DAP Revolutionises Fertilisers in Indian Agriculture

  • The interim budget presented by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman calls for the growth of Nano DAP applications in agriculture.

Understanding Nano DAP

  • DAP: DAP, or di-ammonium phosphate, is a phosphorus-rich fertiliser commonly used in India to promote plant root development.
  • Nano DAPL: Introduced by the Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative (IFFCO), it is a liquid form of DAP with particle sizes fewer than 100 nanometers, which improves its efficiency.

Advantages of Nano DAP

  • Nano DAP’s small particle size improves seed vigour, chlorophyll levels, photosynthetic efficiency, crop quality, and yields.
  • Affordability: Nano DAP is less expensive than normal DAP, with a 500 ml bottle comparable to a 50 kg bag of DAP costing only Rs 600.
  • Convenience: The liquid form is easier to transport, store, and apply, making it ideal for farmers.
  • Reduced Imports: Using domestically manufactured Nano DAP from Kalol, Gujarat, decreases the need to import fertilisers, increasing self-sufficiency and benefitting Indian agriculture.

Government’s Perspective

  • The government benefits from Nano DAP’s cost-effectiveness, which reduces the need for fertiliser subsidies and provides fiscal relief.
  • Self-reliance: Producing Nano DAP domestically corresponds with the goal of fertiliser self-sufficiency, which reduces reliance on imports.
  • Agricultural Advancement: Increased Nano DAP usage promotes agricultural growth, increases food grain yield, and benefits farmers.
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