Madan Lal Dhingra and his Achievements

On the 114th anniversary of his execution, a memorial to Madan Lal Dhingra will be formally dedicated.

Madan Lal Dhingra

  • Early Years: Dhingra was born on September 18, 1883, in an aristocratic family in Amritsar to a British loyalist father who worked as a chief medical officer.
  • Dhingra’s patriotism was sparked by his exposure to the nationalist movement in Lahore throughout his studies.
  • Dhingra’s patriotism extended to socioeconomic issues, driven by a sense of justice and sympathy for India’s underprivileged masses.
  • Expulsion and Survival: Dhingra’s defiance highlighted his devotion to the cause after he was expelled from college for protesting the usage of British-imported cloth.

Participation in Revolutionary Circles

  • Contact with Leaders: Dhingra maintained contacts with significant personalities such as Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and Shyamji Krishna Varma, both of whom were involved in London’s revolutionary circles.
  • Dhingra frequented India House, a hotbed for revolutionary Indian nationalism founded by Shyamji Krishna Varma, which fueled his revolutionary passion even more.
  • Dhingra joined the Abhinav Bharat Mandal, which was created by Vinayak Savarkar, and there he improved his plan to assassinate Curzon Wyllie.

Murder of Curzon Wyllie

  • Curzon Wyllie’s Bio: Curzon Wyllie was a British Indian officer and intelligence officer who specialised in gathering intelligence about rebels.
  • Assassination: Dhingra attended an occasion where Curzon Wyllie was present on July 1, 1909. Dhingra opened fire five times, killing both Curzon Wyllie and a doctor who tried to assist.
  • Justification by Dhingra: During his trial, Dhingra claimed that if fighting the Germans was patriotic for an Englishman, fighting the British was even more so.

Memorial and Legacy

  • Dhingra was found guilty and executed on August 17, 1909. He was buried in London. In 1976, his ashes were returned to India.
  • Struggle for a Memorial: A memorial in Dhingra’s honour has long been sought. The efforts resulted in the memorial’s formal inauguration on the 114th anniversary of his execution.
  • Inauguration of the Memorial: On August 17, 2023, Governor Banwari Lal Purohit dedicated the memorial in Amritsar’s Golbagh neighbourhood.
  • The Memorial’s Importance: The memorial honours Dhingra’s sacrifice and involvement in the fight for India’s independence.
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