International Relations

IOC (Indian Ocean Conference)

The sixth edition of the International Indian Ocean Conference is set to begin on May 12 in Dhaka, Bangladesh’s capital city. (Note: This is not the same as the Indian Ocean Commission.)

Indian Ocean Conference (IOC), 2023

  • Since 2016, the IOC has been conducted annually and has become a major platform for regional governments to debate regional issues.
  • It focuses on strengthening regional cooperation for Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR), bringing together essential states and regional marine partners.


  • The conference’s topic this year is “Peace, Prosperity, and Partnership for a Resilient Future,” with a focus on the post-Covid situation and the continuing Russia-Ukraine war.


  • The conference’s primary focus is on Indian Ocean coastal countries, but it has broadened its scope to include vital and timely themes in the changing global context.
  • The summit will be attended by the President of Mauritius, the Vice President of the Maldives, and the Indian External Affairs Minister, S Jaishankar.
  • Foreign Ministers from Bhutan, Nepal, Bahrain, and Singapore will attend, as will ministerial delegates from Seychelles, Sri Lanka, and Madagascar.
  • Around 150 foreign guests, including D8, SAARC, and BIMSTEC representatives, are anticipated to attend.


  • The India Foundation is organising the conference in conjunction with the Bangladesh Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The Indian Ocean Conference’s (IOC) Importance

  • The conference intends to build partnerships with Indian Ocean countries, increase regional political engagement, and make crisis decision-making easier.
  • It allows participating countries to discuss current world issues and make educated judgements about future measures.
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