International Relations

Interpol and what exactly is a Red Notice?

In a significant setback for Indian agencies, Interpol has removed the Red Notice against a fugitive sought in connection with the 13,578-crore Punjab National Bank fraud cases from its website.

Why in news?

The individual designated as a “terrorist” by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act. (UAPA).

Why did Interpol turn down India’s request?

  • According to Interpol, India has failed to provide adequate information to support its case.
  • The UAPA was criticized for being used to target minority groups and human rights advocates without “respecting” their right to due process and a fair trial.
  • While acknowledging the separatist leader’s actions, Interpol has stated that they have a “clear political dimension” that cannot be the subject of a Red Corner Notice.

What is the Interpol?

  • Interpol, or the International Criminal Police group, is an intergovernmental group with 195 member countries that assists police forces around the world in better coordinating their operations.
  • It allows member nations to share and access data on crimes and criminals, as well as provide technical and operational assistance.
  • It is led by a secretary general and has its headquarters in Lyon, France, as well as a global innovation center in Singapore and several satellite offices throughout the world.
  • In June 1956, India ratified its participation in Interpol.

How does it work in the partner countries?

  • Each member country has a National Central Bureau (NCB) that serves as the main point of contact for both the general secretariat and the other NCBs around the globe.
  • Each NCB is run by police officers from that country and is typically housed in the government ministry in charge of policing. (MHA in case of India.)
  • Interpol administers 19 police databases containing information on crimes and criminals (ranging from names and fingerprints to stolen passports), which countries can access in real time.
  • It also provides investigative services such as forensics, analysis, and help in locating fugitives worldwide.

Red Notice

  • Criminals and suspects frequently flee to other nations to avoid prosecution.
  • A Red Corner Notice, also known as a Red Notice (RN), notifies police forces all over the world about fugitives who are sought on a global scale.
  • For fugitives sought for prosecution or to serve a sentence, Red Notices are issued.
  • A Red Notice is a request to law enforcement around the world to find and arrest a person awaiting extradition, surrender, or other legal action.
  • Interpol issues an RN at the request of a member nation.

Fugitive Indians on this RN

  • Jeweller Mehul Choksi and diamantaire Nirav Modi are two of the most well-known Indians on this list.

Is an order for an RN issued?

  • An RN is merely a notice of international wanted people; it is not an international arrest warrant.
  • Individuals are not sought by Interpol; they are wanted by a country or an international tribunal.
  • This implies that Interpol cannot compel law enforcement officials in any country to arrest a person named in an RN.
  • Individual member countries must determine what legal value to assign to an RN, as well as the authority of their national law enforcement officers to arrest.
  • According to Interpol, an RN must follow its constitution and regulations.
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