Environment & Biodiversity

India will establish the Global Biofuel Alliance (GBA)

The Global Biofuel Alliance (GBA) will be established at the upcoming 14th Clean Energy Ministerial and Eighth Mission Innovation (CEM14/MI-8) meeting, which will be held in Goa from July 19-22, 2023.

What is Global Biofuel Alliance (GBA)?

  • G20 Priority: Under India’s G20 Presidency, the GBA is a critical priority.
  • The GBA is inspired by the International Solar Alliance (ISA), which was founded in 2015 by India and France to tackle climate change through the use of solar energy.
  • The goal of this alliance will be to promote international collaboration and cooperation in order to increase the adoption and utilisation of biofuels.
  • The GBA, comprised of Brazil, the United States, and India, intends to influence global energy architecture to attain net-zero emissions.
  • Membership and Endorsement: Other countries can join the GBA by endorsing the foundation document, and non-G20 countries can join as well.

GBA’s Focus Areas

  • The GBA will concentrate its efforts on improving markets and streamlining global biofuel trading.
  • Concrete policy lessons will be shared, as well as technical assistance for national biofuel programmes around the world.
  • The alliance will highlight successful biofuel industry instances and best practises.

The Importance of GBA

  • Addressing OPEC+: The initiative demonstrates India’s commitment to reduce its reliance on conventional hydrocarbons and urges for enhanced production by OPEC+.
  • Opportunities for Change: GBA provide transformative potential for economic growth, rural development, energy self-sufficiency, lower air pollution, and the transition to renewable energy.
  • Adoption of Sustainable Biofuels: The alliance’s goal is to hasten the adoption of sustainable biofuels.

Milestone Achieved in India’s Biofuel Achievements:

  • India produced 4.08 billion litres of ethanol in fiscal year 2020-21, attaining a blending rate of 10.02% and reducing CO2 emissions by 2.7 million tonnes.
  • Goals and targets: India wants to reach a 12% blending rate by 2022-23 and a 20% blending rate by 2025, which will necessitate an increase in ethanol production capacity to 17 billion litres.
  • Focus on Compressed Bio-Gas (CBG): Through the Sustainable Alternative to Affordable Transportation (SATAT) programme, India aggressively promotes compressed bio-gas (CBG) obtained from waste.
  • By 2024, India hopes to have installed 5,000 CBG plants across the country.

Aviation Biofuel Advancements

  • First Commercial Passenger Flight: India performed its first commercial passenger flight utilising a domestically generated sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) blend.
  • The Bio-Aviation Turbine Fuel Programme Committee has been formed in order to advance the use of SAF in the aviation sector.
  • Blending Goals: India plans to attain a 1% SAF blend in jet fuel by 2025, which would require 140 million litres of SAF per year, while a 5% blend would require around 700 million litres per year.

Global reaction

  • Brazil has stated its support for the GBA and its goals of expanding and strengthening sustainable biofuels markets.
  • Saudi Arabia’s Focus: Saudi Arabia, a significant oil exporter, is focused on traditional hydrocarbons and has been critical of the GBA.
  • Russia’s Opec+ Involvement: Russia, as a member of Opec+, has implemented output cuts despite the tenuous global economic recovery.
  • China’s Opposition: China, a major producer of biofuels, criticised the India-led proposal and boycotted a G20 tourism summit in Srinagar.

@the end

  • The formation of GBA is an important step towards increasing worldwide collaboration and the use of sustainable biofuels.
  • India’s accomplishments in biofuel production and breakthroughs in aviation fuel lay a solid foundation for the alliance’s goals.
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