International Relations

China, the United States, and India are all missing from the Climate Ambition Summit

  • The Climate Ambition Summit (CAS), which took place in New York during the United Nations General Assembly, has come to an end.
  • China, the United States, and India were absent, despite accounting for over 42% of global greenhouse gas emissions and ranking as the top three polluters.

Climate Ambition Summit (CAS)

PurposeStrengthen global climate action and increase climate ambition.
Anniversary of Paris AgreementTypically held on December 12th, coinciding with the Paris Agreement’s anniversary.
Linked to Paris AgreementConnected to the international treaty aiming to limit global warming to well below 2°C or 1.5°C.
Hosts and ParticipantsHosted by countries/regions; attended by heads of state, officials, organizations, and stakeholders.
Commitments and PledgesPlatform for announcing climate commitments, NDCs, funding, and policy measures.
Climate FinanceDiscussions on financing mitigation and adaptation in developing countries.
Global CooperationEmphasizes collective efforts and solidarity in addressing climate change.
OutcomeResults in declarations and announcements reflecting increased ambition.
Subsequent COPsContributions influence discussions at future UN Climate Change Conferences.
Climate EmergencyAcknowledges climate emergency and the need for urgent, transformative action.
Non-State ActorsProvides a platform for businesses, cities, and civil society to showcase actions.
Long-Term GoalsMay include goals like achieving net-zero emissions by mid-century.

India’s Participation

  • India’s climate obligations were last updated in 2022, with the goal of reducing emissions intensity (the volume of emissions per unit of GDP) by 45% from 2005 levels by 2030, a 10% increase from its 2015 promise.
  • India also committed to meeting 50% of its electricity demand with renewable, non-fossil fuel energy sources by 2030, as well as creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2-equivalent.
  • PM Modi stated in 2021 that India will attain net-zero emissions by 2070.
  • However, experts believe that these efforts may not be sufficient to satisfy the Paris Agreement’s targets.
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