Security Issues

China opposes India’s request to blacklist terrorists at the United Nations

  • China has reacted angrily to India’s suggestion to place Abdul Rauf Azhar, a prominent terrorist of the Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM), on the UN Security Council’s 1267 List.
  • China’s objection to the plan China is a permanent member of the UN Security Council with veto power.
  • It has previously blocked requests to blacklist other Pakistan-based terrorists such as Hafiz Talah Saeed, Shahid Mahmood, and Sajid Mir.

The UNSC 1267 list

  • The UNSC resolution 1267 was adopted unanimously on 15 October 1999.
  • It went into effect in 1999 and was enhanced following the September 11, 2001 attacks.
  • The Da’esh and Al Qaeda Sanctions Committee is now in place.
  • What is the UN Security Council Resolution 1267 Committee?
  • All permanent and non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) are members of it.
  • The 1267 terrorist list is a global list with a UNSC stamp.
  • It is one of the most important and active UN subsidiary groups involved in anti-terrorism activities, particularly with regard to Al Qaeda and the Islamic State group.
  • It examines UN initiatives to curb terrorist movement, particularly those involving travel bans, asset freezes, and terrorism-related arms embargoes.

How is the listing completed?

(1) Submission of Proposal

  • Any member state may propose listing an individual, group, or entity.
  • The proposal must include acts or activities suggesting that the proposed individual/group/entity was involved in the financing, planning, facilitating, arranging, or carrying out of acts or activities related to the organisations in question.

(2) Actual decision

  • Consensus is used to make decisions on listing and de-listing.
  • The proposal is distributed to all members, and if no member objects within five working days, it is adopted.
  • An “objection” is a formal rejection of the proposition.

(3) Putting and resolving ‘Technical Holds’

  • Any Committee member may also place a “technical hold” on the proposal and request additional information from the proposed member state.
  • Other members may also put holds during this time.
  • The topic is still on the Committee’s “pending” list.
  • Pending issues must be resolved within six months, however the member state that imposed the halt may request an extension of three months.
  • If no objections are filed at the conclusion of this period, the subject is considered authorised.

Here is a timeline of how China undermines global anti-terrorism efforts:

  • After the 26/11 Mumbai attacks, India proposed an independent terror designation against Masood Azhar, but China rejected it.
  • After seven years, India considers naming Masood Azhar as a global terrorist, which is supported by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France. China has once again blocked the move.
  • 2017: The trio moves a third proposal only to be blocked by China again.
  • 2019: After the attacks on the CRPF personnel in J-K’s Pulwama, India calls 25 envoys of different countries to highlight the role Islamabad plays in funding, promoting and strengthening global terrorism. India moves the fourth proposal demanding Masood Azhar’s listing. China lifted its technical hold.
  • June 2022: China blocked a proposal by India and the US to list Pakistan-based terrorist Abdul Rehman Makki as a ‘Global Terrorist’
  • August 2022: China blocks India-US joint proposal to list Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) deputy chief Abdul Rauf Azhar as UNSC designated terrorist.

@the end

  • When it comes to the international community’s common fight against terrorism, China’s actions show its double language and double standards.
  • This obviously demonstrates its concern for its puppet state, Pakistan.
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