Who are the Most Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)?

The Pradhan Mantri PVTG (Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group) Development Mission was established in the Union Budget 2023-24 to provide basic services to PVTG families and communities.

What is the purpose of the budgetary announcement?

  • The Pradhan Mantri PVTG Mission will be launched as part of the ‘Reaching The Last Mile’ initiative, which is one of seven Saptarishi priorities outlined in this year’s Budget.
  • More information about this new product is awaited.

Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

  • Certain tribal communities have a declining or stagnant population, low literacy, pre-agricultural technology, and are economically backward.
  • They typically live in remote areas with limited infrastructure and administrative support.
  • Because they are few in number and have not achieved a significant level of social and economic development, these groups are among the most vulnerable segments of our society.
  • 75 of these tribes have been identified and labelled as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).

Origin of the concept

  • According to the Dhebar Commission (1960-1961), there is an inequality in the rate of development among Scheduled Tribes.
  • During the fourth Five Year Plan, a sub-category within Scheduled Tribes was established to identify groups considered to be at a lower level of development.
  • This was created using the Dhebar Commission report and other research.
  • “Primitive tribal group” was the name given to this sub-category.

Features of PVTGs

Among the characteristics of such a group are:

  • Existence of a pre-agricultural system
  • Hunting and gathering practise
  • Population growth is either zero or negative.
  • In comparison to other tribal groups, they have a very low literacy rate.
  • PTGs were defined as groups that met at least one of the criteria.
  • The Indian government proposed renaming “Primitive tribal group” as “Specially vulnerable tribal group” in 2006. 
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