International Relations

Vision 2030: Saudi Arabia’s Transition Towards Modernity

  • Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Salman’s Vision 2030 aims to restructure Saudi Arabia by moving away from oil dependence and towards modernization.
  • Traditionalists oppose this development, although it is consistent with Saudi Arabia’s changing global image as a tourist-friendly, inviting nation.

Al-Ula: A modern oasis 

  • Historical significance: Al-Ula, an old city along the incense trail, is key to MBS’s plan to modernise Saudi Arabia.
  • Breaking Stereotypes: Saudi Arabia seeks to challenge traditional notions by embracing visitors beyond pilgrimage sites.
  • Nationalism Beyond Religion: The country’s evolving nationalism is secular, emphasising individual liberties and empowerment.

Winds of Change

  • Empowering Women: Saudi Arabia encourages gender equality by providing scholarships and opportunities for young women.
  • National Transformation: Young Saudis enthusiastically participate in modernization efforts, recognising the benefits.
  • Welcoming the ‘Other’: Saudi Arabia’s increased friendliness towards foreigners, which includes lowering visa requirements and organising entertainment events.

Challenges on the Path to Modernity

  • Cultural Sensitivity: Transitioning from conservative traditions is difficult, but Saudis are adapting to change.
  • Historical Significance: Al-Ula’s archaeological treasures present concerns because of their possible impact on religious perspectives.
  • Top-Down Change: Previous experiences have highlighted the difficulty of imposing society changes from the top.

Global Engagement

  • Saudi Arabia’s balanced foreign policy has kept it out of regional wars.
  • Cultural Riches: The country intends to expose its archaeological beauties to the world.
  • Green Initiatives: MBS’s ‘green’ strategy and concentration on renewables are consistent with worldwide trends.

Opportunities for India.

  • Improved Working Conditions: Indian migrant workers can look forward to better conditions and a fresh social contract.
  • Educational and Cultural Exchanges: Indian educators and artists can help to Saudi Arabia’s educational reforms.
  • Counter-Terrorism Cooperation: India can benefit from Saudi Arabia’s counterterrorism measures.
  • Bilateral Investments: Collaboration in the infrastructure and service industries has the potential to boost both countries’ economies.

@the end

  • Saudi Arabia’s path to modernity has been defined by both problems and possibilities.
  • As it reshapes its identity and participates with the world, India stands to profit from this expanding partnership, which promotes mutual growth and cooperation.
  • Saudi Arabia’s desire to thrive in a variety of disciplines coincides with India’s ambitions, paving the door for a beneficial collaboration.
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