Science & Tech Security Issues

Pralay Ballistic Missile is in the news

India intends to purchase 250 more Pralay ballistic missiles for the services in order to bolster them on their northern frontiers, so increasing the firepower of the defence forces.

Ballistic Missile Pralay

  • Pralay is a tactical missile based on India’s submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) K-series.
  • It has a range of 150-500 kilometres and can carry warheads weighing 350-700 kg.
  • The missile is a road-mobile canister system, which improves mobility and allows for speedy preparation and launch of the missile.
  • Pralay may execute manoeuvres in flight and follows a quasi-ballistic trajectory to maintain high speed, making opposing missile defence systems difficult to intercept.


  • Pralay is classified as a “conventional Surface-to-Surface missile” by the Indian Defence Ministry.
  • This separates it from the Agni missile series, which may carry either conventional or nuclear warheads.

Testing and public release

  • In one of the two tests, the missile was launched on a quasi-ballistic trajectory, increasing its efficacy against enemy missile defence systems.
  • Satellite imagery of the test reveals that Pralay is a canisterized road-mobile system, which increases its mobility and flexibility in responding to changing threats.
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