International Relations

Operation Kaveri will evacuate stranded Sudanese citizens

“Operation Kaveri” has been begun by India to rescue its residents from war-torn Sudan.

What exactly is Operation Kaveri?

  • It is the latest sequence of evacuations conducted by India in recent years to rescue its nationals in crisis-affected countries. Last year, India rescued its citizens from war-torn Ukraine and Afghanistan.
  • The operation was initiated in reaction to Sudan’s turmoil and the failure of key services, which had ground the country to a halt.
  • As part of its contingency plans to rescue its stranded nationals, India has stationed two IAF transport planes in the Saudi city of Jeddah and a naval ship in a strategic port in Sudan.

The meaning of the name ‘Kaveri’

  • The designation of this operation as ‘Operation Kaveri’ is significant.
  • The Kaveri River flows through the southern Indian states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
  • The river is revered by the inhabitants of the region as the Goddess Kaveriamma (Mother Kaveri).
  • Rivers attain their objective regardless of obstacles. It’s similar to a mother making certain that her children are safe.

About Sudan

  • Sudan is a North African country bounded to the north by Egypt, to the northwest by Libya, to the west by Chad, to the southwest by the Central African Republic, to the south by South Sudan, to the southeast by Ethiopia, and to the east by Eritrea.
  • It is Africa’s third-largest country, with a diversified population of roughly 43 million people.
  • According to the World Bank, approximately 46% of the population is poor, and many Sudanese people struggle to gain access to basic amenities such as healthcare, education, and clean water.

What exactly is the problem about?

  • Sudan is under turmoil as a result of warfare between two different military forces.
  • The Sudanese army and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) are both involved in the war.
  • The combat began in April 2022, when tensions rose following the October 2021 coup in which the two factions toppled a civilian administration.
  • When an internationally supported plan to initiate a new transition with civilian parties was suggested, the fighting erupted.
  • Both the army and the RSF were required to transfer authority under the plan, but two points were contentious: the formal placement of the army under civilian administration and the schedule for the RSF’s integration into the regular armed forces.

The Conflict’s Global Implications

  • If the violence continues, the fragile region, which borders the Red Sea, the Sahel, and the Horn of Africa, might be destabilised.
  • Sudan’s war has the potential to result in a refugee crisis, with people fleeing the country to avoid the bloodshed and instability.
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