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India’s first private sector rocket—Vikram-S

The launch of Vikram-S, India’s first privately developed rocket, is scheduled for November 12–16.


  • India’s first privately developed rocket, the Vikram-S, is about to launch as a component of the Prarambh space mission.
  • In addition to carrying three customer payloads, it is a single-stage sub-orbital launch vehicle that will help test and validate most of the technology used in the Vikram series of space launch vehicles.
  • Skyroot Aerospace, based in Hyderabad, created it.
  • Three payloads, including a 2.5-kilogram payload created by students from several nations, will be sent into orbit as part of the Prarambh mission.
  • In honour of Vikram Sarabhai, the pioneer of the Indian space programme and a prominent scientist, Skyroot’s launch vehicles bear the name ‘Vikram’.

Mission’s Importance

  • Skyroot will send a rocket into space with this mission, making it the first commercial space firm in India.
  • For the space industry, which was opened up in 2020 to encourage private sector participation, it represents the beginning of a new era.
  • The ISRO and IN-SPACe provided substantial support for the Prarambh mission (Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre).

coming2basics; IN-SPACE

  • In June 2020, IN-launch SPACe’s was announced.
  • It is an independent, single-window nodal body within the Department of Space responsible for promoting, encouraging, and regulating both public and private sector space operations.
  • Additionally, it makes it easier for private organisations to use ISRO facilities.
  • Along with safety, academic, legal, and strategic specialists from other departments, it includes technical experts for space activities.
  • Members of the PMO and MEA of the Indian government are also included.

Roles and Responsibilities

  • According to the definition of space activities, these activities include creating satellites and launch vehicles as well as offering space-based services.
  • sharing of space infrastructure and locations under ISRO control while taking current activities into account
  • construction of temporary buildings within ISRO-controlled areas based on safety standards and feasibility analysis.

Difference between Vikram-S and ANTRIX

  • Antrix Corporation Limited (ACL), a government-owned company with headquarters in Bengaluru, is fully supervised by the Department of Space.
  • It serves as the marketing division of ISRO and is responsible for the commercialization of space products, technical consulting services, and the transfer of ISRO-developed technologies.
  • Antrix works to provide Space goods and services to clients internationally and globally.

New Space India Limited (NSIL)

  • The Department of Space has administrative responsibility over Antrix Corporation Limited (ACL), a fully owned government of India company in Bengaluru.
  • It serves as the marketing division of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for the promotion and commercial exploitation of space products, technical consulting services, and technology transfer.
  • International clients all over the world can purchase space-related goods and services from Antrix.
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