Security Issues

India test-fires Agni-V Ballistic Missile amid LAC heat

  • Days after Indian and Chinese troops engaged in combat in the Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh, India successfully conducted night tests of the Agni V nuclear-capable ballistic missile.
  • It was a test fire at midnight.
  • Additionally, there are rumours regarding the missile Agni-greater V’s range and stealth capability.

The Agni Missiles

  • Agni missiles are surface-to-surface ballistic missiles with a great range and nuclear weapons capability.
  • Under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP), the Agni-I, the first missile in the series, was created and tested in 1989.
  • Realizing the strategic significance of the Agni missile programme after it was successful and separated from the IGMDP.
  • In India’s defence budget, it was designated as a special programme and received sufficient funding for future development.

Agni missile variants

  • A medium-range ballistic missile with a range of 700–800 km is called Agni I.
  • Agni II: It has a range of more than 2000 km and is also a medium-range ballistic missile.
  • Agni III: It has a range of more than 2,500 kilometres and is also an intermediate-range ballistic missile.
  • Agni IV: It is a road-mobile launchable inter-medium range ballistic missile with a range of more than 3,500 km.
  • Agni-V: An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) with a range of more than 5,000 km, it is currently the longest in the Agni series.
  • Agni- VI: The longest of the Agni series, an Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) with a range of ICBM 11,000–12,000 km.

Significance of Agni Missiles

  • The success of the AGNI missiles conforms to India’s stated objective of having “credible minimum deterrent,” which supports the commitment to “No First Use.”
  • Agni 5 is a “canisterised” missile, which makes it nimble. It implies that the missile may be launched from platforms on roads and trains, making it simpler to deploy and launch it more quickly.
  • The missile’s shelf life is extended by the canisterization, which also shields it from the more extreme weather.
  • India is one of the few countries with access to ICBMs.
  • The Agni VI missile, which is currently under development, is anticipated to have a range of roughly 8,000 kilometres.
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