Guru Nanak Jayanti

Guru Nanak Jayanti honours the birth of Guru Nanak, the first of Sikhism’s ten Gurus.

  • Guru Nanak Jayanti honours the birth of Guru Nanak, the first of Sikhism’s ten Gurus.
  • On Kartik Poornima, the full moon day in the month of Katak (October-November), it is celebrated internationally as Guru Nanak Gurpurab.

Five Significant Aspects of Guru Nanak’s Life

[1] Early Life and Philosophical Predisposition:

  • On April 15, 1469, in Nankana Sahib (today in Pakistan), he was born into a Hindu household.
  • Early on, he showed an interest in philosophical and spiritual issues.
  • Before starting on a spiritual journey with a Muslim minstrel, Mardana, he worked as an accountant.

[2] Mystical Experience at Age 30:

  • During an early morning ablution by a river, I had a transforming spiritual experience.
  • I was given a divine mission to promote a message of love and harmony.
  • After three days, he emerged with the deep assertion, “There is no Hindu, no Mussalman.”

[3] Travelling extensively and engaging in interfaith dialogue:

  • On ‘udaasis’, he travelled extensively, notably to Sri Lanka, Baghdad, and Mecca.
  • Engaged with religious personalities ranging from Hindu pandits to Sufi saints.
  • Advocated for God’s unity and worldwide fraternity.

[4]Preaching God’s Oneness: 

  • Emphasised humanity’s oneness and the presence of one God in all.
  • Religious dogma and rituals were challenged, and a direct relationship with the divine was promoted.
  • His teachings created the groundwork for Sikhism, gaining adherents from all walks of life.
  • His teachings and songs are collected in the Guru Granth Sahib, Sikhism’s holy text.
  • He wrote in Punjabi, using the Gurmukhi script.

[5] Succession and Legacy:

  •  He spent his final years at Kartarpur, where he founded a community with regular prayers and songs.
  • Introduced the ‘langar’ practise, which is a community kitchen that serves free meals.
  • Electing Lehna (later Guru Angad) as his successor above his own sons.
  • On September 22, 1539, he died, leaving a legacy of spiritual and social change.
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