International Relations Science & Tech

Europe has reached a historic agreement on AI regulation

Thierry Breton, European Commissioner, revealed a preliminary agreement on the world’s first comprehensive AI regulation.

  • Thierry Breton, European Commissioner, revealed a preliminary agreement on the world’s first comprehensive AI regulation.
  • Finally, following a lengthy deliberation between the European Parliament and EU member states, the EU becomes the first continent to establish specific guidelines for AI usage.

EU’s AI Legal Framework

  • Safeguards and Restrictions in the EU’s AI Legal Framework: The legislation contains tight guidelines on the use of AI by law enforcement as well as consumer rights to make complaints about infringement.
  • Facial Recognition and Manipulation: Facial recognition technology and AI that manipulates human behaviour are subject to stringent limitations.
  • Biometric monitoring: Governments are only permitted to use real-time biometric monitoring in public places in extreme cases, such as terrorist acts.
  • The Vision of Breton: The Act is viewed as a springboard for EU companies and academics to take the lead in AI, with the goal of advancing technology that respects safety and rights.

Details of the EU AI Act 

  • Risk-Based Classification: AI applications are classified into four risk categories, ranging from largely prohibited to high-risk and medium-risk.
  • High-Risk Applications: These include AI systems for self-driving cars that must be certified and exposed to public inspection.
  • Medium-Risk Applications: For example, generative AI chatbots need extensive documentation and transparency commitments.

Europe’s Technological Leadership

  • In comparison to the United States, Europe has led in tech regulation, with legislation such as GDPR, DSA, and DMA concentrating on privacy and limiting the power of tech giants.
  • The White House Executive Order on AI and an AI Bill of Rights attempt to offer a framework for AI policy in the United States.

Various Approaches to AI Regulation

  • Global Policy Scrutiny: With worries about privacy, prejudice, and intellectual property, policymakers throughout the world are increasingly concentrating on regulating generative AI systems.
  • The EU’s Strict Position: The EU takes a harsher stance, categorising AI based on invasiveness and danger.
  • The UK’s Light-Touch Approach aims to stimulate AI innovation.
  • The US takes an intermediate position between the EU and the UK.
  • China’s Regulatory Measures: China has also announced its AI regulation rules.

India’s AI Strategy

  • Sovereign AI Development: India places a premium on creating sovereign AI, particularly for real-world applications in healthcare, agriculture, government, and language translation.
  • Model of Digital Public Infrastructure (DPI): India’s DPI strategy incorporates government-sanctioned technologies made available to private enterprises for a variety of use cases.
  • Vision of Minister Rajeev Chandrasekhar: The objective is to harness artificial intelligence (AI) for economic growth, with an emphasis on Indian startups and corporations driving the AI ecosystem.
And get notified everytime we publish a new blog post.