ARUN GOEL—New Election Commissioner

Arun Goel, a formerly employed secretary in the Ministry of Heavy Industries, has been chosen to serve as the election commissioner.

Election Commission of India (ECI)

  • The Indian Constitution created the ECI as a constitutional body to oversee and manage elections in the nation.
  • The ability to oversee, direct, and control elections is provided by Article 324 of the Constitution.
  • The organisation oversees elections for the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, state legislative assemblies, state legislative councils, and the presidential and vice presidential positions in the nation.
  • The Election Commission is a body that serves both the Central government and the state governments, making it an all-India entity.
  • Article 324 of the Constitution grants the Election Commission authority to carry out its duties, and as a result, the Representation of the People Act was passed.


  • When the ECI was first founded in 1950, there was just one Chief Election Commissioner.
  • During the 1989 General Election, two new Commissioners were first appointed to the board; however, their terms were very brief, ending on January 1, 1990.
  • Deputy Election Commissioners, who are often IAS officers, support the Election Commissioners.
  • Directors General, Principal Secretaries, Secretaries, and Under Secretaries are also there to help.
  • The Chief Electoral Officer of the State, an IAS officer with the rank of Principal Secretary, assists the Election Commission at the state level.
  • The District Magistrates, who also serve as District Election Officers, Electoral Registration Officers, and Returning Officers oversee elections at the district and constituency levels.


  • The Indian Constitution does not specify the term limits for election commissioners.
  • The duration of service is set forth by the Election Commission Conduct of Service Act, 1991.
  • From the day they take office, the Chief Election Commissioner or an Election Commissioner must occupy office for a term of six years, or until they reach the age of 65, whichever comes first.

Significance of ECI for India

  • Election administration: Since 1952, the ECI has effectively handled both national and state elections.
  • However, the Commission has started to take a more active role recently to guarantee that there is greater public participation.
  • Political parties are being held to a strict code of conduct after being threatened with de-recognition if they fail to uphold internal party democracy.
  • Upholds the Constitution’s objectives of equality, equity, impartiality, and independence as well as the rule of law in supervising, directing, and controlling election governance.
  • Elections are held in a free and fair manner, upholding the greatest standards of professionalism, independence, accountability, and transparency.

Concerns with ECI

  • Compositional flaws: The Constitution doesn’t specify the requirements for EC members. After they retire or resign, they are not prohibited from receiving new assignments.
  • No tenure security: The constitution does not provide tenure security for election commissioners.
  • Partisan role: As instances of violations of the Model Code of Conduct during the 2019 general elections have increased, the EC has been under scrutiny like never before.
  • Political favor: The opposition claimed that by clearing the PM of violating the model code of conduct, the ECI was siding with the ruling party.
  • Incapability: Increasing violence and election fraud brought on by money have led to political criminality, which ECI is powerless to stop.
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