Amrit Dharohar Capacity Building Scheme, 2023

  • The Indian government has established the ‘Amrit Dharohar Capacity Building Scheme’ 2023 to transform ecologically sensitive wetlands classified as Ramsar areas into sustainable tourist attractions.
  • This effort aims to create jobs while also improving the livelihoods of local communities.

Amrit Dharohar’s Capacity Building Scheme 2023

  • Launched in 2023-24 Budget: This scheme was included in the budget for 2023-24.
  • The goal is to promote the conservation qualities of Ramsar Sites while also producing jobs and supporting local livelihoods.
  • Enhancing Livelihoods: The project aims to improve the livelihoods of local communities by capitalising on the nature-tourism potential of Ramsar Sites nationwide.
  • It is being executed in partnership with various Central Government departments, State wetland administrations, and a network of formal and informal institutions and individuals dedicated to conservation.

About Ramsar sites: International Significance

  • Ramsar sites are wetlands declared as internationally important by an environmental treaty signed in 1971 in Ramsar, Iran, and overseen by UNESCO.
  • Waterfowl Habitat: They are recognised for their importance as vital waterfowl habitat.
  • Ramsar promotes national and international initiatives to conserve wetlands and use natural resources sustainably.
  • India has 75 Ramsar sites, demonstrating its dedication to wetland conservation.

Pilot Projects and Skills Development

  • Identified Sites: The mission has identified 16 Ramsar sites across India.
  • Pilot Projects: The initial pilot phase will focus on five wetlands: Sultanpur National Park (Haryana), Bhitarkanika Mangroves (Odisha), Chilika Lake (Odisha), Sirpur (Madhya Pradesh), and Yashwant Sagar (Madhya Pradesh).
  • The Alternative Livelihood Programme (ALP) provides participants with training to investigate alternative livelihood alternatives.
  • Paryatan Navik Certificate: Additionally, a boatman certification programme is available to tourism service providers, providing a qualified crew.

Wetlands: Their Ecological Significance

  • Natural wetlands are known as the “earth’s kidneys” because of their ability to filter toxins from flowing water.
  • Wetlands provide critical ecosystem services such as biodiversity maintenance, water flow regulation, and habitat for a variety of species.
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