Security Issues

After China relinquishes its hold, the UN Security Council bans LeT’s Makki

The UN Security Council’s (UNSC) ISIL and Al Qaida Sanctions Committee has sanctioned Abdul Rehman Makki, a fundraiser and key planner for the Pakistan-based terrorist organisation Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT).

Maki is being blacklisted: UN Security Council Resolution 1267

  • On October 15, 1999, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1267.
  • It went into effect in 1999 and was strengthened following the September 11, 2001 attacks.
  • The Da’esh and Al Qaeda Sanctions Committee is now in place.

What is UNSC 1267 committee?

  • It consists of all permanent and non-permanent members of the UN Security Council (UNSC).
  • The 1267 terrorist list is a global list with a UNSC stamp.
  • It is one of the most important and active UN subsidiary bodies involved in anti-terrorism efforts, particularly with regard to Al Qaeda and the Islamic State group.
  • It discusses UN efforts to limit terrorist movement, particularly those involving travel bans, asset freezing, and terrorism-related arms embargoes.

How is the blacklisting accomplished?

(1) Submission of Proposal

  • Any member state may propose listing an individual, group, or entity.
  • The proposal must include acts or activities indicating that the proposed individual/group/entity was involved in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing, or carrying out of acts or activities related to the organisations in question.

(2) Actual decision

  • Consensus is used to make decisions on listing and de-listing.
  • The proposal is distributed to all members, and if no member objects within five working days, it is adopted.
  • An “objection” is a formal rejection of the proposal.

(3) Putting and resolving ‘Technical Holds’

  • Any member of the Committee may also put a “technical hold” on the proposal and ask for more information from the proposing member state.
  • During this time, other members may also place their own holds.
  • The matter is still on the Committee’s “pending” list.
  • Pending issues must be resolved within six months, but the member state that imposed the halt may request an extension of three months.
  • If no objections are filed by the end of this period, the matter is considered approved.

How does China back terrorism in Pakistan?

  • China has exposed its double standards on the issue of terrorism by consistently refusing to list terrorists based in Pakistan.
  • This time, Beijing claims that the blacklisting is a “recognition” of Pakistan’s anti-terrorism record.

Here is a timeline of how China undermines global anti-terrorism efforts:

  • After the 26/11 Mumbai attacks, India proposed an independent terror designation against Masood Azhar, but China blocked it.
  • After seven years, India proposes listing Masood Azhar as a global terrorist, which is supported by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France. China has once again blocked the move.
  • 2017: The trio submits a third proposal, which is once again rejected by China.
  • 2019: Following the attacks on CRPF personnel in Pulwama, J&K, India summons 25 envoys from various countries to highlight Islamabad’s role in funding, promoting, and strengthening global terrorism. India submits the fourth proposal, which calls for Masood Azhar to be listed. China has lifted its technical blockade.
  • In June 2022, China vetoed an Indian and US proposal to designate Pakistan-based terrorist Abdul Rehman Makki as a “Global Terrorist.”
  • August 2022: China rejects an India-US proposal to designate Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) deputy chief Abdul Rauf Azhar as a UN Security Council designated terrorist.

Why does China protect terrorists based in Pakistan?

  • China rewards Pakistan in order to keep India engaged in regional and internal conflicts.
  • The quid pro quo is that Pakistan does not speak out against China’s oppression of Uighur Muslims in restive Xinjiang province.

@the end

  • When it comes to the international community’s shared fight against terrorism, China’s actions expose its double speak and double standards.
  • This clearly demonstrates its concern for its vassal state, Pakistan.
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