International Relations

A fatal earthquake occurs in Morocco

Morocco was the victim of a terrible earthquake that caused extensive casualties and destruction.

Specifics of the Moroccan earthquake

  • Shallow epicentre: The epicentre of the earthquake occurred around 70 km southwest of Marrakech, close to the village of Ighil. With different depth estimations, it was thought to be relatively shallow.
  • Higher Energy: Compared to deeper quakes, shallow earthquakes are usually more deadly since they are more energetic.

Major Factors

  • Tectonic convergence: An intricate plate boundary that connected the African and Eurasian tectonic plates in a northward convergence caused the earthquake.
  • The Moroccan High Atlas Mountain range’s oblique-reverse faulting at a shallow depth was the cause of the earthquake, according to the USGS.
  • Classification of Faults Oblique-slip faults, which develop in regions of compression when tectonic plates converge, have traits of both dip-slip and strike-slip faults.

Why talk about this?

  • Low Seismicity: Due to the low seismicity rates around the northern edge of the continent, earthquakes are uncommon in North Africa.
  • Historical Potency: This earthquake, which caught Morocco off guard, was the strongest ever recorded in the mountainous area.
  • Construction flaws: A lot of Moroccan buildings, particularly those in rural and older cities, are not made to survive powerful tremors.

An earthquake is what?

  • An earthquake is a severe shaking of the ground brought on by underground movement.
  • It occurs when two earthen bricks unexpectedly slip past one another.
  • This causes seismic waves, which propagate through the earth and cause the ground to tremble, to be released as “elastic strain” energy.

What specifically triggers earthquakes?

  • As we all know, the crust of the earth is broken up into tectonic plates.
  • Plate borders, which are composed of faults, are the edges of the plates.
  • The tectonic plates continuously travel slowly past one another and collide with one another.
  • The plates’ rough edges cause them to become glued to one another while the rest of the plate continues to move.
  • When the plate has shifted sufficiently and one of the faults’ edges unsticks, an earthquake occurs.
  • The epicentre, which is located just above the hypocenter on the earth’s surface, is where the earthquake begins, which is located below the surface of the planet.
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