Categories
Economics

Project UNNATI: lags??

Project Unnati, which aims to lessen reliance on the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) by providing skill training to its beneficiaries, has received less than enthusiastic response. As a result, the Union Rural Development Ministry wants to tie the performance of the States under the project to their labour budget for the upcoming fiscal year.

Reasons

  • The project has only trained slightly more than 25,000 people since its launch in 2020, far shy of its 2 lakh aim. Prior to this extension, the project was supposed to be finished by March 2022.
  • The problem becomes more pressing because many households only rely on MGNREGA for survival. The beneficiaries designated by the states for skill and training, however, continue to be few in number.
  • The effort is made challenging by the State government’s disregard for the Unnati initiative.
  • In order to effectively use the MGNREGA programme (Unnati), the central ministry has instructed the states to pay at least 20% of the households that complete 100 days of service.
  • Therefore, the Ministry aims to tie Project UNNATI’s success to its labour spending plan. As a result, the States’ labour budgets will be determined by how well they do on the project.

Project UNNATI

  • Unnati was established with the goal of improving the skill set of MGNREGS employees to aid in their transition from part-time to full-time employment.
  • Objective: To provide training to one adult household member (18–45 years old) who has completed 100 days of service under the MGNREGS.
  • Funding: The Central Government is solely responsible for all costs associated with a stipend, as well as wage loss compensation.
  • Types of skill training: The Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana (DDU-GKY), the Rural Self Training Institute (RSETI), and the Krishi Vigyan Kendra are three well-known training programmes that the chosen applicants are trained in.
  • Take note: The DDU-GKY is a placement-linked programme that mandates that at least 70% of trained individuals choose jobs paying at least Rs 6,000 per month.

Features:

  • The Mahatma Gandhi NREGA continues to provide 100 days of work to the household from which candidates are chosen for training.
  • The candidates undergoing training are paid a stipend for a maximum of 100 days and for one programme per household as per the wage rate currently in effect in the relevant State/UT as per the project’s provisions.
  • The full costs for a stipend, against wage loss compensation, are entirely covered by the Central Government.
  • Over the course of three years, this initiative will provide training to a total of 2,000 000 people across 26 States and 2 UTs.

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA)

  • The Ministry of Rural Development started MGNREGA, one of the largest work guarantee programmes in the world, in 2005.
  • The scheme’s main goal is to guarantee 100 days of employment to adult members of any rural household who are willing to perform unskilled manual labour for the public good.
  • There are 15.4 crore active workers under the MGNREGA as of 2022–23.
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