Economics Geography

Project for the Eastern Rajasthan Canal (ERCP)

Rajasthan has raised the Eastern Rajasthan Canal Project (ERCP) with the Prime Minister.

Why is this in the news?

  • The Chief Minister has stated that the state government cannot bear the estimated project cost of around Rs 40,000 crore on its own.
  • The state wants the Centre to declare this a national project, resulting in a 90:10 cost-sharing ratio between the Centre and the state.

Eastern Rajasthan Canal Project (ERCP)

  • Project for the Eastern Rajasthan Canal (ERCP)
  • ERCP was established with the goal of providing water to the state’s drought-prone areas.
  • It aims to harvest excess water in rivers in southern Rajasthan, such as the Chambal and its tributaries Kunnu, Parvati, and Kalisindh, during the rainy season.
  • The project entails the construction of two canals: the Chambal Canal (which flows from the Chambal River) and the East Rajasthan Canal (which originates from the Mahi River)
  • The ERCP is expected to irrigate approximately 3.4 million hectares of agricultural land in the states of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.
  • It is expected to cost around Rs 51,000 crore and be completed by 2021.
  • About 2.6 million farmers in Rajasthan and another 2.4 million in Madhya Pradesh were expected to benefit from the project.

When was the ERCP first proposed?

  • The Rajasthan government stated in the state budget for 2017-18 that the ERCP will help meet the long-term irrigation and drinking water needs of 13 districts: Jhalawar, Baran, Kota, Bundi, Sawai Madhopur, Ajmer, Tonk, Jaipur, Karauli, Alwar, Bharatpur, Dausa, and Dholpur.
  • The Central Water Commission approved the project in 2017.
  • The state government had proposed to the federal government that ERCP be designated as a national priority project.
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