Mughal Gardens to be called Amrit Udyan

  • The Rashtrapati Bhavan Gardens, also known as the Mughal Gardens, have been renamed Amrit Udyan.
  • The designs for the Mughal Gardens were completed by Amrit Udyan Edwin Lutyens in 1917, but planting was not completed until 1928-1929.
  • It covers 15 acres and features both Mughal and English landscaping styles.
  • The main garden is divided into squares by two channels that intersect at right angles, creating a Charbagh (a four-cornered garden), a common feature of Mughal landscaping.
  • Six lotus-shaped fountains rise to a height of 12 feet at the crossings of these channels.
  • The gardens contain nearly 2500 Dahlia varieties and 120 rose varieties.

Why was it previously known as Mughal Gardens?

  • The garden is designed in Persian style of landscaping or what we call as “Mughal Gardens”.
  • In fact, Edward Lutyens, who designed the Viceroy’s House, now known as Rashtrapati Bhavan, used Mughal architectural details on purpose as part of the British appeasement strategy.
  • There are Chajja (dripstone), Chattri (domed kiosk), Jali (pierced screen), and many other Indian architectural features used liberally.
  • Mughal canals, terraces, and flowering shrubs blend seamlessly with European flowerbeds, lawns, and private hedges

Mughal Gardening in India- The Charbagh Style

  • The Mughals were known to appreciate gardens. In Babur Nama, Babur says that his favourite kind of garden is the Persian charbagh style (literally, four quadrants garden).
  • The charbagh structure was designed to represent an earthly utopia – jannat – in which humans coexist in perfect harmony with all elements of nature.
  • These gardens, defined by their rectilinear layouts divided into four equal sections, can be found across lands previously ruled by the Mughals.
  • The gardens surrounding Humanyun’s Tomb in Delhi and the Nishat Bagh in Srinagar are all built in this style, earning them the title of Mughal Gardens.
  • The use of waterways, often to demarcate the various quadrants of the garden, is a distinguishing feature of these gardens.
  • Fountains were frequently built to represent the “cycle of life.”
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