Science & Tech


The article discusses the National Institute of Ocean Technology’s (NIOT) plans to explore the Indian Ocean with a MATSYA-6000 submersible as part of the Samudrayaan Mission.

What exactly is the Samudrayaan Mission?

  • Samudrayaan is a massive ocean/sea mission set to launch in October 2021.
  • It is aimed to develop “a self-propelled manned submersible to carry three human beings to a water depth of 6,000 metres in the ocean with a suite of scientific sensors and tools for deep ocean exploration.
  • It aims to conduct deep ocean exploration for non-living resources such as polymetallic manganese nodules, gas hydrates, hydro-thermal sulphides, and cobalt crusts at depths ranging from 1000 to 5500 metres.

MATSYA 6000 Information

  • MATSYA 6000 is an indigenously developed manned submersible vehicle.
  • It will make deep ocean exploration easier for the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES).
  • According to the ANI news agency, it has a 12-hour operational period and a 96-hour emergency endurance.
  • The manned submersible will allow scientists to directly observe and understand previously unexplored deep-sea areas.

Why is it important to India?

  • India has a unique maritime position, with a 7517-kilometer-long coastline that includes nine coastal states and 1,382 islands.
  • The mission’s goal is to support the Central Government’s vision of a “New India,” which includes the Blue Economy as one of the ten core dimensions of growth.
  • With three sides surrounded by oceans and around 30% of the population living in coastal areas, India’s coastal regions play a significant economic role.
  • It promotes fisheries and aquaculture, tourism, sustainable livelihoods, and blue trade.
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