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Art & Culture

Maghi Mela in Punjab

  • Maghi Mela is being celebrated from January 14.
  • ·      Every year in January, or in the month of Magh according to the Nanakshahi calendar, the holy city of Sri Muktsar Sahib hosts the Maghi Mela.
  • It is one of the most important Sikh festivals.
  • Today, the Mela begins on Maghi day and lasts for a day or two.
  • People come from all over the state and even from outside the state to take a holy dip in the sarovar (lake) of Gurdwara Darbar Sahib and enjoy the festivities.
  • The festival marks the martyrdom of 40 Sikh soldiers in the Battle of Khidrana against the Mughals.
  • The Mughals and Sikhs were constantly at odds in the 1700s.

About Battle of Khidrana

  • During the Mughal siege of Anandpur Sahib in 1704, 40 Sikh soldiers deserted and fled.
  • Upon arriving at their village near Amritsar, a woman named Mai Bhago scolded them and rallied the fighters to return to Anandpur Sahib in the service of their Guru.
  • The newly energised soldiers, along with Mai Bhago, set out for Anandpur Sahib to assist Guru Gobind Singh in holding the fort against the Mughals.
  • They met the Guru at Khidrana, where they defeated a large Mughal army while sacrificing their lives.

Political significance of the Maghi Mela

  • People used to arrive in the city days before the actual Maghi day.
  • In the evenings, there would be kavi darbars (poetry sessions) where politicians would speak.
  • This is most likely how the political conferences, which date back to the mid-1950s, began.
Source: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-culture/maghi-mela-punjab-political-importance-explained-8381252/#:~:text=Maghi%20Mela%20has%20been%20celebrated,or%20the%20pool%20of%20liberation.
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