Art & Culture History

Madan Mohan Malaviya and BHU

The archive of ‘Mahamana’ Madan Mohan Malaviya, the principal founder of the Banaras Hindu University (BHU), was recently unveiled.

Madan Mohan Malaviya, who was he?

  • Malaviya was born in Allahabad on December 25, 1861.
  • He was a great Indian educationist and freedom fighter, notable for his role in Indian independence and support for Hindu nationalism.
  • From 1919 to 1938, he was the Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University (BHU), which he founded in 1916.
  • The University has approximately 12,000 students studying in fields such as the arts, sciences, engineering, and technology.

Political affiliations

  • Malaviya rose through the ranks and was elected president four times: in 1909 (Lahore), 1918 (Delhi), 1930 (Delhi), and 1932 (Delhi) (Calcutta).
  • He served in Congress for nearly 50 years.
  • He was an early leader of the Hindu Mahasabha, helping to find it in 1906.
  • He was a successful legislator and social reformer who served on the Imperial Legislative Council for 11 years (1909–20).
  • In the freedom struggle, he stood between the Liberals and the Nationalists, the Moderates and the Extremists, as Gokhale and Tilak’s followers were known.
  • When Mahatma Gandhi launched the Salt Satyagraha and the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930, he participated and risked arrest.

Literary associations

He remained the Hindustan Times’ Chairman from 1924 to 1946.

He was involved with magazines including the-

  • Hindi language weekly, the Abhyudaya (1907)
  • English-language daily the Leader of Allahabad (1909) and
  • Hindi dailies Aaj
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