Environment & Biodiversity

Discovery of Lithium Deposits in J&K

The Geological Survey of India discovered “inferred resources” of 5.9 million tonnes of lithium in the Salal-Haimana area of Jammu and Kashmir’s Reasi district.

What is Lithium?

  • The chemical element lithium has the symbol Li and the atomic number 3.
  • It is the lightest metal on the periodic table and is a soft, silvery-white alkali metal.
  • It’s used in everything from batteries to lubricants to pharmaceuticals and nuclear weapons.

Lithium Applications

  • Lithium-ion batteries: Because of their high energy density and low self-discharge rate, lithium-ion batteries are widely used in consumer electronics such as laptops, cellphones, and portable music players.
  • Pharmaceuticals: Lithium is used to treat bipolar disorder and other mental illnesses. It can help with symptoms like depression, anxiety, and aggression.
  • Heat transfer fluids: Because lithium can absorb and store a large amount of heat, it is used as a heat transfer fluid in nuclear power plants.
  • Air conditioning systems use lithium-based compounds to absorb and store heat, which helps to cool the air.
  • Lithium is used in the production of lightweight alloys for aircraft and spacecraft, as well as components for other vehicles.
  • Grease lubricants: Due to their high temperature and pressure tolerance, lithium-based grease lubricants are used in automotive and industrial applications.

The Importance of This Discover

  • Clean energy goals: This raises the prospect of India developing its own source of a metal critical to its clean energy goals.
  • Import reductions: Imports would be reduced. The government was taking several steps to secure minerals from Australia and Argentina, including lithium.
  • Improve battery production: The discovery is a significant boost to the production of rechargeable batteries for smartphones, laptops, and electric vehicles.
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