Conservation work on Delhi’s Zafar Mahal will begin soon

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) plans to begin conservation work at Zafar Mahal in Mehrauli, south Delhi.

Zafar Mahal

  • Zafar Mahal, located in Mehrauli village, South Delhi, India, is considered the last monumental structure built during the fading years of the Mughal era.
  • The palace was erected in the 18th and 19th centuries and has a sad history due to the British deportation of the last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar II.
  • Locals frequently play cricket and bet within the protected monument, which is currently in a neglected and damaged state.


  • The Mughal dynasty came to an end after 332 years when the last Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar II (1837-1857), was deported from the imperial city of Delhi to Rangoon, Burma, now Myanmar.
  • Jahandar Shah created graves in the confines of Zafar Mahal within a marble screen fence for his father Bahadur Shah I and others who followed, and it is a tiny reflection of the place’s history.
  • Bahadur Shah Zafar II, who wanted to be buried on the royal grounds, was interred in Rangoon.
  • Bahadur Shah Zafar II liked to come here for hunting during the monsoon season, and he was celebrated here during the Phool Walon Ki Sair celebration in February/March.

Key structures

  • Zafar Mahal is made up of the Mahal, or palace, which was established in the 18th century, and the entrance gate, which was rebuilt in the 19th century.
  • The palace is a three-story red sandstone structure embellished with marble, and the gate is impressive, with an 11.75-foot opening at the entrance.
  • Within the palace grounds was also the Moti Masjid, which was built by Bahadur Shah I.
  • The palace is presently in disrepair, and its restoration is hampered by a lack of papers from which to derive the original building specifications.

Structures that have been demolished or are illegally occupied

  • Zafar Mahal was formerly a massive palace with several more structures that are no longer present or occupied by locals.
  • These structures include Bahadur Shah Zafar’s Diwan-e-Khaas, Mirza Babur’s house, Aurangzeb’s Baoli, Mirza Nili’s house, Bahadur Shah Zafar’s Thana, Mirza Salim’s house, and the Khwas Pura.
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